Chengdu BRT Chengdu BRT Chengdu BRT

Chengdu BRT

updated: 1 August 2019    Full page map    Chengdu BRT photos

Chengdu
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 13,320  South of Hongpailou Dong, AM peak, N-S, 2019.07.22   
BRT Standard score: SILVER  79. Overcrowding deduction 5   
Year system commenced: 2013  Opened 11 June. Expansions in 2018, 2019   
System name: CDBRT   
City centre peak hour speed: 29.4 km/hr  Multiple surveys, 17 Jul 2020 AM peak   
Number of BRT stations: 45   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways:    
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification:    

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 13,320  South of Hongpailou Dong, AM peak, N-S, 2019.07.22   
Peak buses / hr / direction: 120  Hongpailou Dong, AM peak N-S, 22-Jul-2019   
City centre peak hour speed: 29.4 km/hr  Multiple surveys, 17 Jul 2020 AM peak   
Full corridor peak hour speed: 29.4 km/hr  Multiple surveys, 17 Jul 2020 AM peak   
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare): 43.45 km   
Operational mode: direct-service   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 10  K3, K5, K11, K11A, K12, K13, Panda line, K15, K16, K17   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 4  K1, K2, K1A, K2A   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 111   
Highest peak hour boardings at a single station: 2,060  Hongpailoudong, AM peak, 2019.7.26; E-W: 648; W-E: 1412   
Network of routes and corridors     
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     
Faster than a trotting donkey     
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors     
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses     
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor     
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)     

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 375  K1: 103 (18m); K2: 95 (18m); K3:16 (12m and 10.8m); K5: 16 (6.8m); K11: 67 (18m); K12: 28 (18m); K13: 34 (18m); Panda line: 16 (12m)   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 327   
Fleet of integrated BRT feeder buses: 0   
Type of fare collection / verification technology: Card, cash, app QR code   
Location of bus doorways: Both sides  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 5  2 left side, 3 right side; stations use left side   
BRT vehicle length: 18m, 12m, 10.8m, 6.8m   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 24  16 seats for 10.8m, 10 seats for 6.8m   
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses: 38  36 seats for electic, 38 for LNG   
BRT vehicle fuel: LNG, CNG, electric  50 LNG buses, 6 CNG buses, 270 electric buses (18m)   
BRT bus manufacturer: Shudu, Yinlong  Shudu for LNG, Yinlong for electric   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Surveillance system vendor: HIKVISION   
Real-time next bus information displays     
Distinctive BRT buses     
Sliding doors in BRT stations     
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)     
Automated fare collection and fare verification     
System control centre     
High-quality passenger information on buses     
Audio announcements on BRT buses     
Real-time CCTV surveillance at all stations     

Other

BRT Standard score: SILVER  79. Overcrowding deduction 5   
Year system commenced: 2013  Opened 11 June. Expansions in 2018, 2019   
System name: CDBRT   
Lead local design / planning work: Chengdu Municipal Engineering Design Research Institute   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     

Electric buses

Fleet of pure e-buses more than 12m: 270  2019.07, Yinlong, 18m   data from bus company
E-bus percentage of fleet in BRT buses: 72.0%  2019.07   
Number of seats in e-buses: 36  18m Yinlong   
Number of e-bus charging positions: 31  2019.07   bus company
Number of charging positions at largest depot: 206  2016.12   https://e.chengdu.cn/html/2016-12/18/content_583081.htm
E-bus battery capacity: 138 kwh  2019.07   http://www.zhyle.com/sohw-10417.html
E-bus battery type: lithium titanium oxide  2018.01, Yinlong   http://www.zhyle.com/sohw-10417.html
E-bus battery vendor: Yinlong  2019.07, Yinlong New Energy Chengdu Industrial Park Battery Technology Research Institute   https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1600155505986293720&wfr=spider&for=pc
BRT e-bus manufacturer: Yinlong  2019.07, Yinlong New Energy Incorporated   
Charging equipment vendor: Telaidian  2019.07, Tgood New Energy Co., Ltd   site visit
Main type of charging: opportunity charge end of route, overnight slow charging  2018.01,   https://www.sohu.com/a/219136603_99993851
Max. charging service fee for 12m e-buses: 0.6 yuan / kwh  2017.8.3, last for 2 years, max. service fee is 0.6 yuan / kwh, average power fare is 0.6364 yuan / kwh, no charging fee before 2020   http://www.escn.com.cn/news/show-557463.html


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 45   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Centre of roadway on elevated road  K5 and part of K3 corridors at ground level   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 161m   
Shortest BRT station: 73m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 29.8 km   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 29.8 km   
Station platform width (including walls & doors): 5m   
Station platform height: 35cm   
Average distance between stations: 1,020m  K1&K2: 1028m; K3: 1453m; K5: 934m; K11: 1300m   
Number of corridors: 1  Circular corridor   
Number of BRT terminals: 1   
Number of BRT depots: 2   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways     
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)     
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations     
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations     
Wheelchair accessible stations     
Distinctive BRT stations     
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)     
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges     
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations     4 station doors can accommodate 2 18m buses
Stations away from intersections     
Station size based on passenger demand     
Full weather protection on most station platforms     
Full weather protection on all station platforms     
Covered station access     Station access bridges are not covered
Escalators/lifts at >20% of stations with bridges/tunnels     
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections     
Level boarding and alighting     
High-quality passenger information at stations     
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Despite huge bicycle volumes
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)     
Improvements to nearby public space     Massively degraded via elevated road
Physical BRT laneway dividers     

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): flat fare  Distance based set-up, though, with exit verification   
Median cash fare: 2 yuan  3 yuan after 10pm   
Median smart card fare: 1.8 yuan  2.7 after 10pm; monthly pass: 1 yuan and 3 times free transfer in 2 hrs   
BRT bus operator(s): Chengdu Public Transport Group CO., LTD   
BRT management agency: Chengdu Public Transport Group   
Operating hours: 5:50am-11.48pm  K1: 6:18-23:48, K2:5:50-23:08, K1A/K2A:7:00-19:00, K2A:7:00-19:00/K2A:7:00-19:00)   
Infrastructure financing source: City Government   
More than one BRT bus operator     
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification     
Competitively bid operating contracts     
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger     
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
BRT authority plans and controls the system     

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