Changzhou BRT Changzhou BRT Changzhou BRT

Changzhou BRT

updated: 22 February 2021    Full page map    Changzhou BRT photos

Changzhou
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,980  South of Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
BRT Standard score: BRONZE   
Year system commenced: 2008  Jan-08 1st 12.5km, full 1st corridor 18-Apr-08, 2nd corridor 2-May-09   
System name: Changzhou BRT   
Number of BRT stations: 94  As of the end of 2018   http://www.changzhou.gov.cn/ns_news/888156635000851
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways:    
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification:    

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,980  South of Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
Peak buses / hr / direction: 43  Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
AM peak speed (full corridor, peak direction): 17.2km/hr  B1,B2,route 9, 21,22 Jul,27, 30,31 Aug, 1,2,3 Sep 2021   
PM peak speed (full corridor, peak direction): 19.1km/hr  B1,B2,route 9, 21,22 Jul,27, 30,31 Aug, 1,2 Sep 2021   
Operational mode: direct-service   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 13  B10,B11,B12,B13,B15,B16,B21,B22,B23,Y1,Y2,H1,H2   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 2  B1, B2   
System passenger-trips per day: 300,000  data from April 2016   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 70   
Network of routes and corridors     
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     Not in city centre
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors     
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses     In some segments
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor     

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 414  116 18m   快速公交系统(BRT)运营专项调研工作报告2018
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 133   
Type of fare collection / verification technology: Card, cash, wechat, Alipay   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 4  2 in the supplementary route buses   
BRT vehicle length: 18.5m  11m supplementary route buses   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 35   
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses: 45  Includes 2 folding seats   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel, hybrid  31 12m diesel-electric hybrids on B12   
BRT bus manufacturer: MAN / Huanghai (25); Scania (35); Kinglong (31 hybrid)   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Real-time next bus information displays     
Distinctive BRT buses     
Sliding doors in BRT stations     
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)     
Automated fare collection and fare verification     
System control centre     
High-quality passenger information on buses     
Audio announcements on BRT buses     

Other

BRT Standard score: BRONZE   
Year system commenced: 2008  Jan-08 1st 12.5km, full 1st corridor 18-Apr-08, 2nd corridor 2-May-09   
System name: Changzhou BRT   
Lead local design / planning work: Beijing Urban Engineering Design & Research Institute Co.   
Project website: www.czgj.cn   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Changzhou BRT

Electric buses

Fleet of pure e-buses 12m or less: 28  2019.01, B23   http://www.changzhou.gov.cn/ns_news/974154881460265
E-bus percentage of fleet in BRT buses: 7.1%  2019.01   
Number of seats in e-buses: 27  12m Beiqi   
Number of e-bus depots: 8  2019.01, for all the e-buses   http://www.changzhou.gov.cn/ns_news/974154881460265
E-bus battery type: lithium manganate  2019.01, Beiqi   https://www.sohu.com/a/292610492_120025339
E-bus battery vendor: Microvast  2019.01, Microvast   https://www.sohu.com/a/303704633_526279
BRT e-bus manufacturer: Beiqi  2019.01, Baic Motor Incorporated   
Charging equipment vendor: Jingzhi  2019.01, Fine automation Machine Co., Ltd   http://www.xjfam.com/chonghuandian/65-20.html
12m e-bus cost: 1,160,000 RMB  Beiqi, 12m, fast charge, pantograph   http://news.czgj.cn/html/article1058593.html
Main type of charging: opportunity charge end of route  2019.01, 8 minutes at end of route, charging 1 minute can travel 4 km   https://www.sohu.com/a/292610492_120025339


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 94  As of the end of 2018   http://www.changzhou.gov.cn/ns_news/888156635000851
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Centre of roadway   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 60m   
Shortest BRT station: 56m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 51.9 km  26.7km in line 1 (incl 5.9km extension 2012); 19.3km in line 2   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 54 km   
Station platform width (including walls & doors): 3.5m   
Average distance between stations: 900m  980m in line 1   
Number of corridors: 2   
Number of BRT terminals: 3  2 in line 1; 1 in line 2   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways     
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)     
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations     
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations     
Wheelchair accessible stations     
Distinctive BRT stations     
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)     
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges     
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations     
Stations away from intersections     
Station size based on passenger demand     
Full weather protection on most station platforms     
Full weather protection on all station platforms     
Covered station access     Access is mostly at-grade
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections     
Level boarding and alighting     level but sometimes large gap
High-quality passenger information at stations     
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Despite huge bicycle volumes
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)     
Improvements to nearby public space     

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): flat fare   
Median cash fare: 2元  Most routes charge 2 yuan. Implemented since November 30, 2019   http://www.changzhou.gov.cn/ns_news/888156635000851
Median smart card fare: 1.2 yuan  0.6 yuan for students,1yuan for60 to 69 years old,free for seniors 70 years old and older(Implemented since November 30, 2019)   http://www.changzhou.gov.cn/ns_news/888156635000851
Fare range (cash payment): 0-2yuan  Implemented since November 30, 2019   http://www.changzhou.gov.cn/ns_news/888156635000851
Fare range (e-payment): 0-1.2yuan  Implemented since November 30, 2019   http://www.changzhou.gov.cn/ns_news/888156635000851
Infrastructure cost per km: 30m yuan  1st corridor only US$4m at Jul-07 rate   
BRT bus operator(s): No. 1, No. 3, No. 5 Bus Company  No.1, No.3, No.5 Bus company are all branches of Changzhou Public Transportation Co.   
BRT management agency: Changzhou Transit Group   
Operating hours: 5:00am-10:30pm   
More than one BRT bus operator     
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification     
Competitively bid operating contracts     
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger     
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government     
Oversight from an independent entity/agency     
BRT authority plans and controls the system     

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