Changzhou BRT Changzhou BRT Changzhou BRT

Changzhou BRT

updated: 28 November 2015    Full page map    Changzhou BRT photos

Changzhou
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,980  South of Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
BRT Standard score: BRONZE   
Year system commenced: 2008  Jan-08 1st 12.5km, full 1st corridor 18-Apr-08, 2nd corridor 2-May-09   
System name: Changzhou BRT   
City centre peak hour speed: 17 km/hr  Surveys 2-Jul-15. 19.5km/hr in AM & PM samples, 19-20 June 2013    [ITDP survey]
Number of BRT stations: 59   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways:    
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification:    

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,980  South of Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
Peak buses / hr / direction: 43  Huaidelu Yanlinglu stn, PM peak S-N, 2015.11.27    [ITDP survey]
City centre peak hour speed: 17 km/hr  Surveys 2-Jul-15. 19.5km/hr in AM & PM samples, 19-20 June 2013    [ITDP survey]
Full corridor peak hour speed: 17 km/hr  Surveys 2-Jul-15. 19.5km/hr in AM & PM samples, 19-20 June 2013   
Operational mode: direct-service   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 13  B10,B11,B12,B13,B15,B16,B19,B22,B23,Y1,Y2,H1,H2   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 2  B1, B2   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 70   
Network of routes and corridors     
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     Not in city centre
Faster than a trotting donkey     
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors     
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses     In some segments
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor     
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)     

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 395  133 18m and 262 12m   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 133   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  traffic is on the right   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 4  2 in the supplementary route buses   
BRT vehicle length: 18.5m  11m supplementary route buses   
No. of seats in 12m BRT buses: 35   
No. of seats in 18m BRT buses: 45  Includes 2 folding seats   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel, hybrid  31 12m diesel-electric hybrids on B12   
BRT bus manufacturer: MAN / Huanghai (25); Scania (35); Kinglong (31 hybrid)   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Real-time next bus information displays     
Distinctive BRT buses     
Sliding doors in BRT stations     
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)     
Automated fare collection and fare verification     
System control centre     
High-quality passenger information on buses     
Audio announcements on BRT buses     

Other

BRT Standard score: BRONZE   
Year system commenced: 2008  Jan-08 1st 12.5km, full 1st corridor 18-Apr-08, 2nd corridor 2-May-09   
System name: Changzhou BRT   
Lead local design / planning work: Beijing Urban Engineering Design & Research Institute Co.   
Project website: www.czgj.cn   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Changzhou BRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 59   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Centre of roadway   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 60m   
Shortest BRT station: 56m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 51.9 km  26.7km in line 1 (incl 5.9km extension 2012); 19.3km in line 2   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 54 km   
Station platform width (including walls & doors): 3.5m   
Average distance between stations: 900m  980m in line 1   
Number of corridors: 2   
Number of BRT terminals: 3  2 in line 1; 1 in line 2   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways     
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)     
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations     
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations     
Wheelchair accessible stations     
Distinctive BRT stations     
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)     
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges     
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations     
Stations away from intersections     
Station size based on passenger demand     
Full weather protection on most station platforms     
Full weather protection on all station platforms     
Covered station access     Access is mostly at-grade
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections     
Level boarding and alighting     level but sometimes large gap
High-quality passenger information at stations     
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Despite huge bicycle volumes
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)     
Improvements to nearby public space     

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): flat fare   
Median cash fare: 1 yuan   
Median smart card fare: 0.8 yuan  0.3 yuan for students   
Infrastructure cost per km: 30m yuan  1st corridor only US$4m at Jul-07 rate   
BRT bus operator(s): No. 1, No. 3, No. 5 Bus Company  No.1, No.3, No.5 Bus company are all branches of Changzhou Public Transportation Co.   
BRT management agency: Changzhou Transit Group   
Operating hours: 5:00am-10:30pm   
More than one BRT bus operator     
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification     
Competitively bid operating contracts     
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger     
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government     
Oversight from an independent entity/agency     
BRT authority plans and controls the system     

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