Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT

Beijing BRT

updated: 16 June 2015    Full page map    Beijing BRT photos

Beijing
Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,850  South of Tiantan, N-S, PM peak, 11-Jun-2015. Corr. 2-4 1,100-1,350 Jan 2013 surveys    [ITDP survey]
BRT Standard score: Non-BRT  Corridor 1 is Bronze, others non-BRT   
Year system commenced: 2004  corridors 2 & 3 August 2008; corridor 4 2012   
System name: Beijing BRT   
City centre peak hour speed: 18.9 km/hr  19 peak hour samples, 30 Oct - 1 Nov 2019   
Number of BRT stations: 78  17/20/22/19 corridors 1/2/3/4   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways:    
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification:    

Performance

Peak throughput (passengers / hr / direction): 2,850  South of Tiantan, N-S, PM peak, 11-Jun-2015. Corr. 2-4 1,100-1,350 Jan 2013 surveys    [ITDP survey]
Peak buses / hr / direction: 30  Tiantan, N-S, PM peak, 11-Jun-2015    [ITDP survey]
City centre peak hour speed: 18.9 km/hr  19 peak hour samples, 30 Oct - 1 Nov 2019   
Full corridor peak hour speed: 18.9 km/hr  19 peak hour samples, 30 Oct - 1 Nov 2019   
BRT system coverage (2-way roads) (1 fare): 79 km   
Operational mode: trunk-only   
Routes operating both inside & outside BRT roads: 1  B3区间   
Routes operating only in busway corridors: 5  2/1/1/1 in corridors 1/2/3/4   
Average bus occupancy (peak direction & point): 95   
Network of routes and corridors     3 lines, but no interconnections
High peak period operational speed (>20km/hr)     Not in corridors 2 and 3
Faster than a trotting donkey     
Buses operating both in & out of BRT corridors     Only 1 route in 4 corridors
Most bus passengers in BRT corridors carried by BRT buses     
Net time saving for bus passengers in corridor     Unlikely in corridor 1; not in corridors 2 or 3
Throughput >20,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Throughput >10,000 passengers/hr (one direction)     
Carries more than a mixed traffic lane (2500 pphpd)     

Vehicles & ITS

Fleet of special BRT buses: 319  87 18m corr 1; 100 18m and 8 18m trolleybus corr 3; 100 corr 4   
Fleet of regular buses using BRT stations: 0   
Fleet of 18m or larger BRT buses: 319   
Fleet of integrated BRT feeder buses: 0   
Location of bus doorways: Right side  left side in corridor 1   
Number of doors in BRT buses: 4  3 in corridor 1   
BRT vehicle length: 18.5m   
BRT vehicle fuel: diesel, LNG, electric  CNG in first corridor 1 buses, discontinued   
BRT bus manufacturer: Jinhua Neoplan, Beijing Futian, Beijing Trolleybus Factory  trolleybuses were JV with Jinhua Neoplan   
Fare system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Sliding door system vendor: Jiangsu Huimin   
Real-time next bus information displays     
Distinctive BRT buses     Difficult to distinguish from many non-BRT articulated buses
Sliding doors in BRT stations     Newer stations have sliding doors
Low-emission vehicle technology (≥Euro III)     
Automated fare collection and fare verification     
System control centre     
High-quality passenger information on buses     
Real-time CCTV surveillance at all stations     

Other

BRT Standard score: Non-BRT  Corridor 1 is Bronze, others non-BRT   
Year system commenced: 2004  corridors 2 & 3 August 2008; corridor 4 2012   
System name: Beijing BRT   
Distinctive marketing identity for system     Beijing BRT


Infrastructure

Number of BRT stations: 78  17/20/22/19 corridors 1/2/3/4   
Stations with functioning passing lanes: 0   
Most station substops: 1   
Location of busway lanes: Centre of roadway  Left of service lane in corridors 2, 3, 4   
Longest BRT station (non terminal): 75m   
Shortest BRT station: 40m   
Total length of dedicated busway: 59 km  14/9.5/11/24.5km corridor 1/2/3/4   
Length including mixed traffic portions: 79 km  16km/15km/23km/25km corridor 1/2/3/4   
Station platform height: 35cm   
Average distance between stations: 940m  940m/790m/1000m corridor 1/2/3   
Number of corridors: 4   
Number of BRT terminals: 4   
Number of BRT depots: 2   
Segregated busways or bus-only roadways     
Enhanced station (more than just a bus shelter)     
Overtaking lanes at more than 75% of stations     
Bike sharing in vicinity of BRT stations     
Wheelchair accessible stations     
Distinctive BRT stations     
>1 substop at >75% of stations (requires overtaking)     
Includes BRT-only tunnels or bridges     
>1 stop position at stopping area at >75% of stations     
Stations away from intersections     
Station size based on passenger demand     
Full weather protection on most station platforms     
Full weather protection on all station platforms     
Covered station access     
Escalators/lifts at >20% of stations with bridges/tunnels     
Signal priority or grade separation at intersections     
Level boarding and alighting     level but sometimes large gap
High-quality passenger information at stations     
Bicycle parking at BRT stations     Some in corridor 4
Segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s)     
Improvements to nearby public space     Partial in corridor 1, but not in later corridors
Physical BRT laneway dividers     

Regulation & costs

Fare type (flat fare or distance-based): distance-based  2 RMB for 1st 10km and 1RMB for each additional 5km, 50% off for smart card, started 26-Dec-2014   
Median cash fare: 2 yuan  2 RMB for 1st 10km and 1RMB for each additional 5km, 50% off for smart card   
Median smart card fare: 1 yuan  50% off for smart card   
Infrastructure cost per km: 40m yuan  1st corridor only. US$4.8m at Jul-04 rate   
18m BRT bus cost: 1.6m yuan  Initial Iveco CNG buses cost $350,000; later Neoplan diesel buses $250,000   
BRT management agency: Beijing Public Transport Holdings, Ltd. (BPT)   
More than one BRT bus operator     
Pre-board fare collection and fare verification     
Competitively bid operating contracts     
Payment per bus-kilometre rather than per passenger     
No operational subsidy from government     subsidy needed
Buses paid for by operators rather than government     
BRT authority plans and controls the system     

Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT Beijing BRT

Creative Commons Attribution License. You may use for any purpose, but only with attribution / credit to Far East Mobility.